Antonin Gadal
The Work of a Man Inspired by the Spirit
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 Who Is Antonin Gadal?  
 The Source  
 The Doctrine  
 Pyrenean Catharism  
 The Catharism and Its Origins  
   Pyrenean Catharism  
   Marcos of Memphis  
   The Spanish Followers  
   The Same Branch  
   The Empire of Love in the Storm  
   The Martyrs' Ashes  
   Nobility of Heresy  
   Cathar Martyrologue  
 The Mystery of the Caves  
 The Grail in the Pyrenees  
 Grail, Cathars and Rosycross  
 Interesting Links  
The Spanish Followers

Mark of Memphis brings his doctrine to Spain; Priscillian, bishop of Avila, his disciple, transmitted it to Aquitaine. Priscillian, pursued by the hatred of two intriguing bishops, Idax and Didax, was beheaded in Trier, in Germany, by Maximus the tyrant. His memory was defended by St Martin of Tours and his ashes brought back to Spain triumphally among prayers and songs (385 CE).
A little after Priscillian’s death, Vigilantius of Calguris, visited Italy, Palestine, Egypt and had contacts with Sulpicius Severus, Pauline of Nole, St.Jerome, Exuperius of Toulouse. He preached his Paulinian reform in the Pyrenees. He disappeared in the insurrection of the Bagaudes.

Priscillian and Vigilantius disappeared but their churches survived under the barbarians. They expand after the ruin of the Goths, and become the religious soul of the Pyrenees. They are revived by the Jaounas Cantabres of Toulouse (Jaoune, a lord, chief of the Basques-Eusks, the Iberians of the Pyrenees). The Jaounas fight against Charlemagne who wishes to ‘impose catholicism’, are victorious at Roncevaux and for five hundred years prevent the Carolingian bishops to settle at the foot of the Pyrenees.

In the year 1000, these churches still exist. The disciples of Mark and Priscillian had enlarged their communities. Some had again taken the roads to Gaul and to Germany in the path of Priscillian: such as Felix, bishop of Urgel, captured by Charlemagne in Aachen, in 800.

In 1008, Priscillianism goes to the stakes in Orleans with Lisois, deacon of Orleans.
The ‘Vigilantism’ keeps going with Gandolf at the synod of Arras (1225).
Later, we find Nicetas, bishop of Constantinople and Waldo (initiator of Waldensianism). They all refer to the apostle John; their spiritual genealogy comes from Patmos and Jerusalem.

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